Child Adoption Up 10 Percent In Iran

Child Adoption Up 10 Percent In Iran

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Child Adoption Up 10 Percent In Iran


04/13/21

Source: Tehran Times

Child adoption has increased in the country by 10 percent, following
the actions taken to speed up the process, Habibollah Masoudi-Farid, deputy head
of the Welfare Organization, has stated. Following the Law on Protection of
Children and Adolescents in [the Iranian calendar year] 1392 (March 2013-March
2014), adaption experienced an upward trend.

Welfare efforts to fulfill this basic slogan that children must grow in the
family led welfare experts to identify children who can be fostered by the
families through regular inspections, he said.

The adoption system officially started operating in May 2020, people who
signed up for adoption were asked whether they are willing to adopt a disabled
or older child. Families could also track their cases.

The system facilitated access, and the important point is that the adoption
rate increased by 10 percent over the last year (March 2020-March 2021) compared
to a year before, he highlighted.

Since [the Iranian calendar year] 1392, the number of adoption cases has
increased and 2,000 children are placed for adoption annually, some of whom are
placed under temporary custody because a temporary trustee is better than care
centers, Masoudi-Farid said in May 2020.

For adoption, criteria like mental health, the ability to take care of a
child, no addiction, no criminal record, and bad reputation, as well as proper
income must be achieved. The approach is the result of studying the adoption
process in 10 countries around the world, he noted.

 
Iran’a Child Adoption Application

In [the Iranian calendar year] 1398 (March 2019- March 2020), 160 children
were adopted who were suffering from diseases or disabilities. Also, 130
children were given to single girls over the age of 30.

Montazer Shabar, the Welfare Organization’s director for children affairs,
said in July 2019 that there are 10 applicants for fostering each child in the
country.

Currently, some 2,800 applicants are waiting for the adoption, most of whom
are parents not having children or intending to foster a child, he added.

Ahmad Khaki, deputy head of Tehran’s welfare organization for social affairs,
has said that the number of children adopted in Tehran increased by 25 percent
in [the Iranian calendar] year 1396 (March 2017 – March 2018) compared to the
year before, as some 500 children were adopted by Tehraners in the year ended
March 2019.

According to the Welfare Organization, the country’s adoption and foster laws
that dated back to some 44 years ago was revised and modified in 2013. Within
the new law, kids could be adopted up to the age of 16 while the former law
states that kids aged 12 or less could be adopted. In addition to families with
no child now families with one kid and single women are able to apply for
adoption.

The law formerly authorized adoption only for orphans while the new law
permit adoption for children with dysfunctional families as well in case the
judge concludes that the new family is suitable for adoption.

Previously, the adoptive families were required to sign over one-third of
their property to their child-to-be but some could not afford to do so and now
the judge gets to decide how a family, depending on their financial status,
should be treated.

5,500 female-headed households supported last year

Last year, in addition to the nearly 240,000 households under the Welfare
Organization’s coverage, 5,500 female-headed households were also covered,
Masoudi-Farid said.

“We also provided health insurance coverage for over 30,000 breadwinner women
residing in nomadic or rural areas,” he stated.

In Iran, there are 3 million women-headed households, out of a total of 22
million families, and most of them can be found in less developed areas of the
country, according to the UNDP office in Iran.

4,800 multiple births covered by the Organization

Another important point is the population policies that families with
multiple births, especially triplets and above, should be supported, including
receiving subsidies for triplets regardless of their income. They are also
supported to supply infant milk and diapers.

“A total of 4,800 multiple births are currently covered by the Organization,
as last year, 800 multiple births above three were covered,” he concluded.



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